Climate change and environmental degradation are an existential threat to Europe and the world. To overcome these challenges, the European Green Deal will transform the EU into a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy, ensuring:
The European Green Deal is also our lifeline out of the COVID-19 pandemic. One third of the 1.8 trillion euro investments from the Next Generation EU Recovery Plan, and the EU’s seven-year budget will finance the European Green Deal.
Climate neutrality is something very abstract and for most people not imaginable. Nonetheless science shows clear evidence that we all must take serious actions to reduce our impact on the environment. The EU is working on the so called “Green Deal” to restructure the way we live, consume and produce in a sustainable way. According to the Green Deal climate neutrality is only achievable by a combination of many activities which need to interact. The partners of AI4CSM see sustainable and smart mobility as one of the core elements of the European Green Deal as presented by the EC. According to the EC “transport accounts for a quarter of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions” and “to achieve climate neutrality, a 90% reduction in transport emissions is needed by 2050”.
Another aspect of the view on how the Green Deal needs to be implemented are the regulations itself. The transport system policies need to be upgraded as well since new technologies alone won’t spontaneously make our lives better. These aspects strongly effect the transition to a modern and low-carbon mobility together with increasingly regulations for CO2 and pollutant emission. Working groups are engaged by the EC to find new approaches to certifying EVs and AVs. The partners with their strong network inside the EU want to support with their expert view the policy making in order to make mobility climate neutral.
System based emissions are hard to tackle in comparison to mobility or product-based emissions since they rely on a multitude of factors. The position of the EC on this issue is quite clear “multimodal transport needs [AI4CSM] v1.0 43 of 403 a strong boost” to increase the transport efficiency. AI4CSM clearly addresses this topic with its output enabler SCs (SC1-SC3) as well as with its methodology driven SC7. By enabling connected shared and automated mobility through the technologies derived in SC4-SC6 a significant reduction of the overall system related emissions can be made since cars will be used, maintained and shared more efficiently so that multimodality approaches can be fostered.
To achieve the 90% reduction of transport emissions the usage of conventional fossil-based technologies, like combustion engines, is not an option. AI4CSM only researches xEV transport means. xEV in combination with green energy sources is the key to a sustainable mobility. That’s why we research new ways of route scheduling (SC1), new inverter technologies (SC4), advanced battery state estimation technologies (SC4) as well as more power efficient sensors and computing platforms (SC6) as well as new AI techniques that require less computational resources (SC6&7).
Product based emissions are related to the efforts which are made to manufacture, maintain and recycle (or dispose) products. It is estimated that a modern EV has a 3x higher environmental footprint in the production than a comparable combustion engine car. Since every percent point efficiency increase helps to reduce the battery size it also helps to reduce the manufacturing related emissions. Thus SC4 to SC7 will help to lower the needed amount of battery capacity. Moreover, the AI4CSM partners plan to exchange their individual approaches to achieve climate neutrality in the product design and manufacturing as well as recycling phase.